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新课标2017高考英语语法填空解题指导及备考策略
2016-9-2 17:10 |  发布人: yyxinxin |  阅读: 1452 | 
  新课标高考英语语法填空题设空设空大致有如下特点:
  无提示词一般考查:冠词、介词、连词、代词、助动词、固定搭配等
  有提示词一般考查:谓语动词、非谓语动词、形容词、副词、名词等。
  具体策略:
  (一)、给出动词基本形态,填写词性词形转化(转为名词、形容词),或填写谓语部分,或是填写非谓语动词;
  (二)、给出词语,词性的变化,如名词、动词、形容词、副词之间的转化,名词的复数形式,给出形容词,需要填写比较级、最高级,或词性词形转化,转化为副词,或是填写反义词(前缀);
  (三)、给出副词,填写比较级、最高级,或是填写反义词;
  (四)、不给词语填写限定词的时候,很可能是填冠词、人称代词主格宾格形式,物主代词、反身代词的单复数形式。形容词性物主代词或some、any、other、another等限定词;有的名词前有限定词,比如:序数词,形容词的最高级等,其前用定冠词。
  高考英语语法填空不给提示词范例:
  例:【2015课标II】The adobe dwellings built by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even ______ most modern of architects and engineers.
  答案与分析:the。这里名词由形容词的最高级修饰,因此用定冠词。
  例:【2015广东】He owned ______ farm, which looked almost abandoned.
  答案与分析:a。名词farm前应该有冠词,因为在文章中第一次出现,所以用不定冠词。
  例:【2010广东】After the student left, the teacher let ______ student taste the water.
  答案与分析:another。上文谈到一个学生让老师品尝他从沙漠里带了来的泉水,当那个学生离开后,老师让另一个学生品尝这泉水的味道。根据语境这里填写限定词another。
  例:【2014广东】Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. Some of my friends who had been there before said ______ was a wonderful holiday destination.
  答案与分析:it。第二个句子中的宾语从句缺主语,这里it代替前文提到过的Miami。
  例:【2015课标I】For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away ______ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.
  答案与分析:by
  例:【2014课标II】There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ______ some of them looked very anxious and disappointed.
  答案与分析:and。“There were many people waiting at the bus stop”是个完整的句子,“some of them looked very anxious and disappointed.”也是个完整的句子,两句之间是并列关系。
  例:【2012广东】______he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back, he was wrong.
  答案与分析:Although/Though。这里有两个句子,“______ he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back”和“he was wrong.”,且两个句子之间没有分号或句号,根据句意可知,第一个句子是让步状语从句。
  例:【2015课标II】As natural architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly ______ thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.
  答案与分析:how。因为“...the Pueblo Indians figured out”和“...the adobe walls needed to be...”是两套主谓关系,即两个句子,它们之间没有句号或分号,空格处必定是填连词;根据句意,确定填写连词how。
  例:【2014广东】I didn’t understand ______ this would happen and my credit card had already been charged for the reservation.
  答案与分析:why
  例:【2015课标I】I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River ______ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese paintings.
  答案与分析:that/which
  例:【2013广东】His son looked surprised, “I can understand why I shouldn’t pay too much, Father, but if I can pay less, _____not save a bit of money?”
  答案与分析:why
  例:【2014课标II】Then the driver stood up and asked, “ _______anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop? ”
  答案与分析:Did
  总之,以上讲解了语法填空题的部分微技能,例题都来自于高考真题,具有代表性。无论试题如何变化,万变不离其宗,只要牢固掌握英语的语法和词汇知识,就一定能做好语法填空题中的纯空格填空题。

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