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2016年高考英语书面表达56个高分句型
2016-5-3 10:33 |  发布人: xieyuan_1 |  阅读: 1097 | 
英语书面表达是体现个人水平的一个主要因素,也是各种考试考查的重要内容.怎样才能提高英语写作能力呢?方法是多种多样的,但最重要的是夯实学生的语言基本功,打好坚实的基础.所以下面21教育网的小编给考生们分享在英语书面表达中56个高分句型,希望多少能给考生们一些帮助了。

  一、以形式主语it引导的句型.
  句型1.
  It (so) happened(chanced) that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced to do sth. =sb.did sth. by chance. 如:
  It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在.=He happened to be out when I got there.= It chanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance when I got there.
  句型2.
  It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have done/to be done/to have been done(还有动词appear等可这样使用)如:
  It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.他好象以前去过北京.=He seemed to have been to Beijing before.
  句型3.
  It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩余的部分.如:
  It wasn’t until he came back that I went to bed.直到他回来我才睡觉.(一定要注意被强调句型中的谓语动词否定的转移). It was because he was ill that he didn’t come to school today.只因为他有病了今天没有来上学.(只能用because而不能用for, as 或since)
  It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生.(句中am不能用are来代替.)
  句型4.
  It is high time (time/ about time)+ (that) 主语+should do / did+其它.(从句中的谓语动词用的是虚拟语气.)如:
  It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了.
  句型5.
  It is / was said ( reported…)+that+从句. 如:
  It was said that he had read this novel.据说他读过这篇小说.=He was said to have read this novel.
  句型6.
  It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause.(从句中的谓语用should+do / should have done,其形式是虚拟语气.)如:
  It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格.
  句型7.
  It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause.(注意从句中的谓语动词用should do或should have done的形式,但should可以省略.)如:
  He didn’t come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. 他直到电影结束才回来.他没有看到这部电影真可惜.
  句型8.
  It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause.(从句的谓语动词用should do, 但should可以省略.)如:
  It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.有人建议推迟会议.
  句型9.
  It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句.(注意本句不是强调句型,而是以where引导的定语从句.)如:
  It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born.(后一句是强调句型.)
  句型10.
  It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句.(注意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以when引导的定语从句.)如:
  It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States.
  句型11.
  It is well-known that+从句.如:
  It is well-known that she is a learned woman.众所周知,她是个知识渊博的妇女.
  句型12.
  It is +段时间+since+主语+did. 请比较:
  It was +段时间+since+主语+had done. 如:
  It is five years since he left here.他已经离开这儿五年了.
  It was five years since he left here.(同上)
  注意下列句型的翻译:It is five years since he lived here.他从这儿搬走已经有五年了.
  句型13.
  It +谓语+段时间+before+主语+谓语.( before引导的是时间状语从句.) 如:
  It wasn’t long before the people in that country rose up.没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了.
  It will be three hours before he comes back.三个小时之后他才能回来.
  句型14.
  It is +形容词(possible, impossible, necessary等) +for+ sb.+ to do. 如:
  It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow.我明天之前完成此工作是不可能的.
  句型15.
  It is +(心理品质方面的)形容词+of + sb. +to do.= 主语+ be +形容词+to do.(常用的形容词有:kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise等.)如:
  It is kind of you to help me.=You are kind to help me.你真好给我提供了帮助.

  二、定语从句:
  句型16.
  由as引导的非限定性的定语从句.如:
  As we have known, he is a most good student.众所周知,他是个很好的学生.请比较:It is well-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后者是个主语从句.)
  句型17.
  由which引导的非限定性的定语从句.如:
  He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授,那是我一直盼望的职业.(因为先行词professor是表示职业的名词,因此引导词用which,而不用who.
  句型18.
  由where, when引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的.)如:
  This is the house where I used to come.请比较:This is the house which / that I used to come to.
  This is the day when I joined the Party.请比较:This is the day which / that I joined the Party on.
  (说明:关于that与which之间的区别,请看关系代词that和which的区别.)

  三、让步状语从句
  句型19.
  No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从句,+主句.(注意从句中的时态一般情况下用一般现在时态.)如:
  No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较:Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么,一定要做好.
  No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.你无论去哪儿,请通知我.
  (说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同.)
  (注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的whoever不能用whomever来代替.因为它即作动词tell的宾语,又作后面从句的主语.)

  四、条件状语从句
  句型20.
  When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句.(从句也可以放在主句之后.)如:
  As long as you give me any money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱,我就让你走.
  Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好.
  句型21.
  主句+on condition that+从句.如:
  I will go with you on condition that you give me a sum of money.我和你一起去的条件是你给我一些钱.
  句型22.
  主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于unless本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定.)如:
  I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.我明天去那儿除非下雨.
  句型23.
  祈使句,+and/ and then+主句.(注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语.)如:
  Use your head, and you will find a good idea.动脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意.
  Another word, and I will beat you.你再说一句,我就揍你.
  句型24.
  If +necessary / impossible/ important等,+主句.(注意:if与形容词之间的it is被省略.)如:
  If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话,我来做此事.

  五、原因状语从句
  句型25.
  主句+in case+从句.(in case表示以免)如:
  I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨.
  句型26.
  主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句.如:
  He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了,所以没有来上学.

  六、时间状语从句
  句型27.
  When / While / As +从句,+主句.如:
  When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you.当我在农村时,我常常给你打水.
  句型28.
  主句+after / before +从句. 如:
  They hadn’t been married four months before they were devoiced.他们结婚不到四个月就离婚了.
  We went home after we had finished the work.我们做完此工作就回家了.
  句型29.
  主语+肯定谓语+until+从句.请比较:主语+否定谓语+until+从句.如:
  I worked until he came back.我一直工作到他回来.
  I didn’t worked until he came back.他回来我才开始工作.
  句型30.
  As soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The minute +从句,+主句. 如:
  My father went out immediately I got home.我一到家,我父亲就出去了.
  句型31.
  No sooner +had + 主语+done…than +主语+did. 请比较: 主语+had + no sooner +done…than +主语+did. 如:
  No sooner had I got to Beijing than I called you.我一到北京就给你打电话了.请比较:I had no sooner got to Beijing than I called you.
  句型32.
  Hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely +had +主语+done…when / before + 主语+did.请比较:主语+had +hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely + done…when / before +主语+did.
  Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完晚饭就出去了.请
  比较: She had hardly had supper when she went out.
  句型33.
  By the time+从句,+主句.(注意时态的变化.)如:
  By the time you came back, I had finished this book.到你回来时,我已经写完了这本书.
  By the time you come back, I will have finished this book.到你回来时,我将写完这本书了.
  句型34.
  each / every time +从句,+主句. (这时相当于whenever 或no matter when引导的从句.从句也可放在主句之后.)如:
  Each time he comes to Harbin, he always drops in on me.每当他来哈尔滨,总是顺便来看看我.

  七、地点状语从句
  句型35.
  Where +从句,+主句. 如:
  Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.哪里没有雨水,种庄稼是很难的或者是不可能的.
  句型36、Anywhere / Wherever+从句,+主句. 如:
  Anywhere I go, my wife goes too.无论我去哪儿,我的妻子也去哪儿.请比较:
  I will go wherever you suggest.你建议我去哪儿,我就去哪儿.

  八、目的状语从句
  句型37.
  主句+in order that / so that +从句.如:
  I got up early in order that I could catch the first bus.我起得很早,以便能赶上早班车.
  句型38.
  主句+for +sb. +to do.(注意动词不定式复合结构在这儿作目的状语.)如:
  He came here for me to work out this problem.他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题.

  九、结果状语从句
  句型39.
  主句+so that+从句. 如:
  It was very cold, so that the river froze.天气很泠,因此河水结冰了.
  句型40.
  So+形容词/ 副词+特定动词(助动词或系动词)+主语+…+that+从句.
  So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again.这本书那么有趣,我想再读一遍.
  句型41.
  主语+谓语+such+名词+that+从句.如:
  He made such rapid progress that he was praised by the teacher.他进步很快,老师表扬了他.
  句型42.
  Such was + 主语+that +从句.(这是个完全倒装句.)如:
  Such was the force of the explosion that all the windows were broken.爆炸力这么大,所有的窗户都被震碎了.
  句型43.
  主句+only +to do sth. (only和动词不定式一起做结果状语)如:
  I woke up very late only to find that my wife had gone to work. 我醒得很晚,结果发现我的妻子已经上班了.

  十、比较状语从句
  句型44.
  The +形容词比较级……,(主句)the +形容词比较级+……如:
  The sooner you do it, the better it will be.越早越好.
  句型45.
  主语+谓语+as +形容词原级+as +被比较的对象. 如:
  He is as busy as a bee.他非常忙.
  句型46.
  主语+谓语+the+形容词比较级+of / between …
  He is the taller of the two.他们俩人中他高.
  句型47.
  主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+被比较的对象.如:
  This room is three times as large as that one.这个房间是那个房间的三倍大.(这个房间比那个房间大两倍.)
  句型48.
  主语+谓语+百分数/倍数+形容词比较级+than+被比较的对象.如:
  This city is twice larger than ours.这个城市比我们城市大两倍.
  The early rice output in that commune was 200% more than that of 2001.那个公社的早稻产量是2001年的两倍.
  句型49.
  主语+谓语+the size / length/ width/ height +of +被比较的对象.如:
  Our building is twice the height of yours.我们的大楼是你们大楼的两倍高.

  十一、其它句型
  句型50.
  It doesn’t matter wh-+从句.如:
  It doesn’t matter to me what you will do tomorrow.你明天做什么与我无关.
  It doesn’t matter whether you will come or not.你来不来无关紧要.
  句型51.
  形容词/ 副词 / 名词(可数单数)+as / though +主语+谓语,+主句.如:
  Young as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他很小,但他知道得很多.
  Hard he works, I am sure that he can’t pass this exam.虽然他学习很努力,这次考试他肯定不能及格.
  Child as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他是个孩子,但他懂得很多.
  句型52.
  Were / Should / Had +主语+谓语,+主句.如
  Were I you, I would have gone there yesterday.如果我是你的话,昨天我就去那儿了.
  句型53
  Only +状语+特定动词+主语+谓语…
  Only by this means can I do this work well.只有用那种方式我才能做好此工作.
  Only because he was ill did he not come to school.只因为他有病了才没有来上学.
  Only then did I realize that I had been wrong.只有那时,我才认识到我错了.
  句型54
  Not only +特定动词+主语+谓语…but also+主语+谓语… 如:
  Not only did he learned English well but also he spoke French very well. 他不但英语学得好,而且法语讲得很流利.
  句型55
  whether…or…, neither…nor…, either…or… 如:
  Whether he will come or not isn’t important.他不来不重要.
  句型56
  主语+doubt+whether + 从句. 请比较: 主语+特定否定词+doubt+that+从句. 如:
  I don’t doubt that he will come this afternoon.我确信他下午一定能来.

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